Atmospheric pressure, Coriolis rule, cyclone and anticyclone, cold and warm fronts; the Beaufort and Peterson scales; cloud observations; sources of weather forecasting; local anomalies; night and day breezes; world winds; fog; actions during weather worsening.
Simplex-duplex communication; the SOLAS convention; Call sign; MMSI; call for Mayday, Pan-Pan, Securite, general communication; VHF channels; GMDSS system; radar; depth sounder; GPS; EPIRB; SART; A.I.S.
Priority; signs and signs on bridges; movement along rivers; Traffic Separation Scheme, TSS.
Navigation lights during day and night; sound signals; actions in case of reduced visibility; other ways of calling for help.
IALA system; lateral signs; cardinal signs; the leading signs; beacons, sector beacons, colors and characteristics of lights, TSS.
What is a sail and how does it work; why there are two sails on the yacht; how to know if the sails are working properly; winds affecting the movement of a yacht under sail; yacht stability characteristics; how to find PP on a yacht.
Types of bottom; types of anchors; choice of anchorage; maneuvers in acute and complete courses, through the staff, through the stern; tacking; to buoy; towing; gateways; forward and backward movement; longside.
Means of safety on the yacht; fire, preventive measures, fire triangle, fire extinguishers, fire blanket; life jackets; man overboard, MoB, preventive measures; means and ways of calling for help; pyrotechnics; life raft; rescue operation by helicopter.
You will learn to read maps of various European and American systems and identify the most important markings for safety.
Geographical latitude and longitude, basic units of measurement in navigation, plotting and determining positions on nautical charts, course determination, calculation of distance, speed and time, construction of a route on a map, passage planning, identification of dangers along the chosen route, declination and deviation. Consultation with the instructor.
Verification of acquired knowledge, consolidation of the material passed; feedback and recommendations from the instructor.
Terminology of tides; zero card; time UTC / GMT; the tidal curve; calculation methods for main and secondary ports.